7 Different Types of Saws and Their Uses

Want to learn about the different types of saws and their uses? You’ve come to the right place.


Saws have been around for thousands of years, evolving to fit specific needs as time, technology, and materials change. The full toolset of today will have a variety of saws, like coping saws, hacksaws, and specialty table saws. It may also have a lot of the same type of saw.


There are a variety of specialized cutting tools available, but they are rarely utilized outside of the trades for which they were designed. You might also be shocked to learn that several saws are referred to by the names of other saws in different parts of the country.


The shape of the saw, as well as the number and shape of the teeth, will usually determine how a saw was intended to be used. Here are some of the different types of saws and their uses.


Hand Saw

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Hand saws have evolved to meet the demands of the industry. Some, like a classic hand saw, can be used for a lot of different things, while others were made for a specific job.


This sort of saw is made for chopping raw wood. The spaces between the teeth are required so that wet chips do not block the cut and can be easily removed during work.


Specific artisans can purchase exactly the tools that match their demands, such as framing or ornamentation, and no set of tools will be complete without at least one of them.


Handsaws are designed for cutting solid wood plates and boards, chipboards, and other similar materials.


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Back Saw

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A back saw is a type of saw with a narrow blade that is strengthened along the top edge and is quite short.


It can also be referred to as a knife that has a strip of steel or brass running along the back of it. This area is referred to as the “back.” The rear saw blade is useful for cutting wood because of its weight and strong, serrated teeth.


Always use a clamp or vise while using a back saw. To cut wood joints, a carpenter or woodworker must first make sure that the piece is securely fastened. Then, he or she must put their index finger on top of the saw blade to give it more support.


The first cuts should be made carefully, brushing away from the body with the blade. It becomes easier to move back and forth in the usual saw action once a groove has been created.


Back saws are usually used to cut wood joints or grooves. Since they are versatile and efficient, and because they are usually smaller than a table saw, they are a fantastic choice for carpenters and woodworkers.


Back saws are also used for cutting at an angle and in places that demand a steady, direct cut.


Crosscut Saw

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Two-person crosscut saws, often known as lumberjack saws, have a leading edge that leans back slightly and is sharpened at an angle to provide a crisp edge and tip. Each tooth scores the wood like a knife, allowing sawdust to fall out as the blade passes. For cutting joints or sawing wood to length, they’re ideal.


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Japanese Saw

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Japan has a long history of manufacturing specialized saws for just about any task. All Japanese saws have one thing in common: they cut on the pull stroke rather than the push stroke used in Western blades. Because of this, the blades can be made much thinner, thereby allowing sawdust to fall out which means that almost no grain is torn.




A jigsaw is a multi-purpose tool for DIYers. It can cut straight lines like a circular saw, but its true calling card is its ability to cut curves. The jigsaw is one of the safer power saws because it has a broad flat base known as a “shoe” that lays flat on the surface of the material you’re cutting and protects the blade. Many jigsaws come with a tilting shoe that allows you to cut at an angle when necessary.


These saws can cut almost any sort of wood with blades that have a TPI of 8 to 10. A normal jigsaw blade has teeth that point upward, so the saw cuts on the blade’s upstroke. For cutting materials having a finished surface, such as a laminate countertop, reverse blades, which cut on the downstroke, are available. While blades come in a range of lengths, the breadth of the curve determines the width. Choose a 14-inch-wide blade for cutting tight curves and a 38-inch-wide blade for cutting regular curves.


Circular Saw

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This is another sort of electric saw that can easily cut through wood and concrete. Circular saws are divided into two types: worm drive and sidewinder. The worm drive has enough torque to cut through materials while staying in place. The sidewinder has less torque and may have difficulty with concrete.


Keyhole Saw

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A keyhole saw resembles a swordfish or a regular sword in shape. Despite its small size, this saw is capable of a wide range of tasks. You may also use the keyhole saw to make circular cuts and curve the fret.


The saw is extremely portable. It’s ideal for cutting a small section of a wall without causing damage to the interior.


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What saws cut wood?

Choose a rip saw with large, angled teeth and an average of 5 TPI if you need to rip wood (or cut wood lengthwise with its grain). A crosscut handsaw, which has between 10 and 12 TPI and shorter teeth than a rip saw, is used to cut across the grain of the wood.


What saw is best for cutting logs?

A bow saw is a considerably smaller sort of saw designed for single-person use, and it’s perfect for cutting logs for a wood stove or open fire. It has a “C” shaped frame with a blade coated with rough teeth, making it appropriate for cutting quickly through logs of 5 inches or more. It is normally 2 to 3 feet long.


How do I choose a saw?

To choose the proper tool for you, you must first determine the cutting height you require, as well as the sort of blade teeth you require, which may vary depending on the material to be cut. Band saws are available for wood, steel, and aluminum.


What is the most useful saw to own?

A jigsaw is ideal for cutting curves and forms, and it can also be used to create straight cuts when used with a guide, which is why it should be your first power tool. A jigsaw is better than a circular saw unless you want to rip long sheets of plywood.


Wrapping Up

Most saws are dependable and long-lasting. Because saws are such powerful tools, you should always wear safety gear when using them.


In this article, we’ve considered 7 different types of saws and their uses. As you can see, each style of saw has its own set of applications. Always spend some time researching the best sort of saw for your woodworking job.


Knowing the different types of saws and their uses can make selecting the proper saw much easier.

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